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How the body deals with stress

But when this happens for a long period of time, producing too many stress hormones can affect your health. Stomach pains, due to a slow-down in the rate that the stomach empties after eating; also diarrhea due to more activity in the colon. Increase in appetite, which can lead to weight gain.

Being overweight or obese puts you at risk for diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Anxiety, depression, loss of sleep, and lack of interest in physical activity. Increase in blood pressure, heart rate, and the level of fats in your blood cholesterol and triglycerides. Also, increase in blood glucose levels, especially in the evening, and appetite. All of these are risk factors for heart disease, atherosclerosis hardening of the arteries , stroke, obesity, and diabetes. When you experience short-term stress, you may feel anxious, nervous, distracted, worried, and pressured.

If your stress level increases or lasts for a longer time, you might experience other physical or emotional effects:. These symptoms may also lead to loss of appetite, overeating, and poor sleep, all of which can have serious effects on your health. Usually symptoms are minor and may be relieved through coping skills such as learning to relax, removing yourself for a time from the things that stress you out, and exercising. If the symptoms are severe, however, you may need medical help to find the source of your stress and the best way to manage it.

You can take practical steps to cut back on stress. Regular, moderate exercise improves thought process and mood.

Stress and Your Health

You can also reduce the long-term effects of chronic stress by eating a healthy, low-fat diet and avoiding smoking and drinking too much alcohol. However, if your symptoms continue or get worse, you should see your doctor. More in this section What is Endocrinology?

Central nervous and endocrine systems

Keep Your Body In Balance! What is stress? What is the stress response? How does chronic stress affect your health?

What is chronic stress?

Immune system Weakened immune system so that you are more likely to have colds or other infections. This system plays an important role in regulating mood, growth and development, tissue function, metabolism and reproductive processes. Our metabolism is affected. The hypothalamus is located in the brain and it plays a key role in connecting the endocrine system with the nervous system. Most people reabsorb the extra blood sugar when the stress subsides, but for some people there is an increased risk of diabetes. We might experience heartburn and acid reflux especially if we have changed our eating habits to eat more or less, or increased our consumption of fatty and sugary foods.

The Effects of Toxic Stress On The Brain & Body - How to Heal & Protect -

The ability of our intestines to absorb nutrients from our food may be reduced. We may experience stomach pain, bloating and nausea, diarrhoea or constipation. There can be problems with our reproductive systems too. It may even lead to erectile dysfunction or impotence. Stress has marked effects on our emotional well-being.

What effect does stress have on one's body?

It is normal to experience high and low moods in our daily lives, but when we are stressed we may feel more tired, have mood swings or feel more irritable than usual. Stress causes hyperarousal , which means we may have difficulty falling or staying asleep and experience restless nights.


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  • How Your Body Reacts to Stress.

This impairs concentration, attention, learning and memory, all of which are particularly important around exam time. The way that we cope with stress has an additional, indirect effect on our health. But these behaviours are inappropriate ways to adapt and only lead to more health problems and risks to our personal safety and well-being.

So learn to manage your stress, before it manages you. Subscribe or Give a Gift.

9 Ways Stress Messes With Your Body

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Introduction to Stress

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